Can Ink Cartridges & Inkjet printers actually be cool ?
First a little history lesson…..
There was a time, long ago that printers had ribbons and used dot matrix printing to create tiny dots that, when looked at, were readable. Sometimes they were BARELY readable, however. Changing ribbons and printing wheels to change type face was a chore.
Then, in 1984, the first laser printer that used toner cartridges came into being. Quickly, no one wanted a dot matrix printer anymore. The laser printer caused ink powder from the toner cartridge to fuse onto the paper where the program told the printer to leave ink. The output was much clearer and much more professional in appearance. Very soon, dot matrix printers became known as “door stops”.
By 1990, inkjet printers that used drop-in ink cartridges became readily available and very reasonable prices. These inkjet cartridges were very easy to change without any fuss. The cost to the user, compared to the laser toner cartridge, was significantly reduced.
So now it starts getting pretty cool….
Today, inkjet printers using ink cartridges are so affordable that every computer owner can afford to own their own printer that is capable of using photo quality inkjet cartridges or for less expensive printing, ink cartridges that are remanufactured or “generic” or non-original manufacture. These inkjet cartridges can even be refilled in many cases to save even more money.
The price of the machines themselves has dropped by buckets and what they can do is way cooler than ever before. Not only can you print but also scan, fax (many do PC-Fax which I’ll get to later), copy, make your morning coffee, take out the garbage (ok not those last 2). Combining this many tasks obviously reduces the number of different machines in your home/office but in addition there’s only one manual you have to completely ignore instead of many (for the guys reading this). The PC-Fax thingy I mentioned Id actually like to discuss a little more about because I personally find this a fantastic feature. Basically it means that your printer/fax/everything else talks directly to your computer allowing you to send and receive faxes without any visible signs of paper involved. For example if anyone was crazy enough to want a copy of this article faxed to them I could do it directly from my computer without having to actually print anything out.
When using inkjet cartridges that are photo quality, it is sensible to use photo quality paper for your printing. This ensures the best quality print out resulting from your inkjet photo quality cartridge. While these inkjet cartridges will print on regular paper, it is a waste to place the more expensive ink cartridge into your printer and then print on plain non-glossy paper.
For every day printing in black and white or even in color, remanufactured or non-original inkjet cartridges work great and save money for you in the long run. As a general rule of thumb, you need to purchase twice as many black inkjet cartridges because there is, on average, more black printing needs for the average person.
Nowadays manufacturers are including more and more technology into their cartridges and trying to convince you that their ink has that extra special something. Epson uses DURABrite ink, HP uses Vivera ink and the list goes on. If you ever get bored and feel the need to work yourself into a frenzy just try surfing some of the major sites to compare exactly what one manufacturers ink does compared to the next. If you come away from this sane you’ll definitely know a lot more techie sounds words than you need to know now or in your next lifetime.
Many of the latest ink cartridges have cool gizmos in them like small chips designed to monitor the ink levels and tell you when its time to reorder and even little LEDs for those of you who want their printer to light up like a disco. The idea of the chip sounds great but there are cases where the chip is telling the printer to stop working too soon or even to not work at all if the cartridges inside are not original (there’s been at least one of the major players recently sued over exactly this). To try and counter this a ‘chip resetter’ can be purchased which basically tells the chip to do as its told and keep on printing regardless of how much ink it thought was left in the tank. As far as the issue with these chips and non original cartridges is concerned its actually illegal for a chip to stop your machine working on this basis but apparently this hasn’t deterred a few of the big boys. Whether a chip resetter will fix this problem is uncertain.
No one knows what will come next in the world of printing. Just as the dot matrix printer long ago became a door stop (mostly that is), it is possible that within the next decade a new, less expensive, more user-friendly printing method that is even more cost effective than inkjet printers using drop-in ink cartridges will become archaic. For today, inkjet cartridges in low-priced printer provide the average household with all the affordable printing from their inkjet printer they need.
Whether you want to print graphics, brochures, or just letters, there is a printer that uses inkjet cartridges for you. Choose inkjet cartridges that meet your printing needs at affordable prices.
Bottom line is yep your ink cartridges are getting more high tech and cooler (heck in the old days theres no way your cartridge would actually light up with pretty colours for you and tell you when its about to run dry). The future is certainly going to be interesting seeing what comes next…..
School Stationery Market Headed For Success
Though competition drives the stationery market crazy for new products it has it’s plus side too as this way the consumer gets the best suitable product he wishes to buy in different price ranges and gets to choose the best out of the platter displayed in front of him.
The Indian stationery industry is built on the manufacture and trade of a wide range of paper products, writing instruments, computer and daily used stationery like staplers, erasers, binders, punch machine, children stationery and other related items rather than greeting cards, calendars or gift wrap. It is further divided into school stationery and office stationery. School stationery over a period has gained it’s own importance in the market. It consists of a wide range of stationery used by teachers and student in the schools. It includes popular stationery products like notebooks, erasers, pencils, rulers, sharpeners, writing boards, exam boards, graph books, pencil boxes, geometry boxes, notebook covers, glue sticks, maps, children paper clips and binders, pencil grippers, calculators and many more to add to the list. These are available in different types, shapes, sizes and different price ranges in the market to suit every individual requirement. A child going to the school requires all these stationery for daily use in school. It could also be termed as the child’s necessity as far as school is concern. It’s industry captures a huge consumption in India whose sales seems to be increasing day by day due to the increasing government plans and policies of achieving total literacy in India. Previously their consumption was restricted to urban areas but with the free education, facilities in Rural India their consumption in the rural areas have increased tremendously. Its market today is flooded with manufacturers and suppliers, which is extremely fragmented. One essential indicator being the absence of a national brand or a chain of branded retail stores, as is the norm internationally. Here majority of the Industry’s market hold is by the people manufacturing and supplying notebooks and other paper products which includes diaries, school calendars, note pads, long books, graph books etc to the schools and children.
Then the writing instrument industry seconds the market that includes products like different types of pencils, pen, sketch pen, markers etc, plays the second major role in the school stationery sector. Apart from that there are many other big and small companies selling other necessary products like erasers, scales, calculators, pencil boxes, geometry cases, writing board, art materials etc. First these companies had to face the competition only from cheap Chinese goods which were a threat to the Indian organized stationery sector, but with the advent of international brands like Faber Castle, Kores, Maped etc in the Indian market, the market has become highly competitive in both quality as well as price. Everyday this market is on its heels in creating new innovative products and ideas that would capture the notice and preference of their customers. It seems that it is the only tool left to survive in this competitive sector. Especially with the children targeted as their customer these stationery manufacturers should be well updated with the on going market trends, they should be aware of what is the latest happening in the children world, Which games or cartoon characters are the children currently fond of? What is the latest development in the education field? All this information will keep the manufacturers and suppliers at par with their customers likes and dislikes and eventually this will help boost the brand and create a good demand for the product in the market. It is seen that along with brand building techniques other factors like trade marketing & strengthening the distribution channels also helps the company to grow.
Though competition drives the market crazy for new products it has it’s plus side too as this way the consumer gets the best suitable product he wishes to buy in different price ranges and gets to choose the best out of the platter displayed in front of him. The manufacturer too gets benefited by competition, he enjoys the healthy competition as it always keeps him alert on his job and helps him produce the best possible output in the market which leads to better sales.
Apart from this many stationery industry manufacturers have also started manufacturing gift stationery which the children could gift each other like autograph books, slam books, party invitations, letter pads, gift-wraps, pop up books & mini books thus sufficing the needs of that market too.
School stationery industries have come up a big way by contributing in education awareness thus participating in social programs hand in hand with the government. Some companies have also adopted villages for providing full education to the rural children and some stationery industrialist have started contributing some of the company’s profit to the government for rural development. A socially sound company who knows it’s social role is bound to receive popularity among others. By this practice in near future the industrialist of school stationery with the government support will achieve a well-educated and developed nation and in turn achieve it’s own development too.
The Benefits Of A Lean Manufacturing System
A lean manufacturing system is a system and philosophy that was first developed by Toyota for its production system. Lots of manufacturing business has adopted this system for them to enjoy the benefits that it has to offer.
The name “lean manufacturing system” is a generic term that refers to the principles and theories to rid your business of waste. Waste in a lean manufacturing system is referred to processes that do not add to the value for money for the customer that buys from you.
The lean manufacturing system principles are:
1. Value – Customer’s willingness to pay for your product.
2. Value Stream – Add-ons to a product or process.
3. Flow – The movement of your product being biased to single piece flow or work cells rather than production lines.
4. Pull – Having the right amount of materials to manufacture the product at the same time having a small or no inventory.
5. Continuous Improvement – Getting rid of waste on a constant basis.
For example, if you order a computer over the Internet it may take a week for your computer to be delivered to you. It will only take a few hours for the technician to assemble and have your computer ready for use.
The reason why it may take a week is because of the different shipping practices used by the company. It may also be bottlenecks within their current manufacturing system like having the company wait for the required materials to arrive that make you wait those extra days.
Having a lean manufacturing system for your business and the application of its various principles can make your order for a new computer shorter. Instead of waiting for a week for your computer to be delivered to you, it may just take 24 to 48 hours. The lean manufacturing system is designed to give the customer value for money at the lowest price at the least given time.
Another good example of a lean manufacturing system is the eyeglasses in an hour. Usually it would take at least 24 hours for glasses to be made and delivered to the customer, maybe even longer. A lot of lean principles have been applied to this lean manufacturing system. Now you see a lot of eyeglasses in an hour stores from malls to stores near your street.
Judging from the examples above you may think that the quickness in delivery is the only benefit that a lean manufacturing system can give a business. Actually this is just one in the many benefits that having a lean manufacturing system can offer. A lean manufacturing system also gets rid of waste while maintaining low cost and at the same time satisfying customer needs.
Getting rid of waste and all the useless processes is so crucial to the lean manufacturing system that it even has it’s own term “muda.” “Muda” in lean manufacturing system is also a Japanese word for waste.
There are seven types of considered waste in the lean manufacturing system:
1. Over Production – Producing a product that is made faster than is sold is wasteful.
2. Inventory – A product that has to be stored is wasteful because it ties up money as inventory.
3. Conveyance – Moving a part unnecessarily during production is wasteful. Can also damage the part.
4. Correction – Having to inspect, correct your products because of production errors is a huge waste of time and money. This can be overcome with error proofing. This means that the product can be made through that way only.
5. Motion – Awkward movements of the operator can put different aches on different parts of their body. Making this area better will reduce injury and workman injury claims.
6. Processing – Customer requirements that are not clear to the manufacturer cause the manufacturer to produce different add-ons that is wasteful since it will increase the cost of the product.
7. Waiting – The operator doing nothing is a waste. It’s ok that the machine waits for the operator not the other way around.
Eliminating waste through lean manufacturing system streamlines your company thus by getting more done with less equipment, capital, space, effort, labor, inventory and time.
Having a lean manufacturing system established in a company’s organization could do wonders. This is because while saving time, money and precious resource, the company’s production system is improved and becomes more efficient. Other companies admire this attribute that to have a lean manufacturing system can only mean a good management.
Physician Data Entry Is The Solution – Technology Information
How a group of physicians were persuaded to manipulation information entrance point of care electronic checkup records to cut costs and increase efficiency. The dream of computerized medical checkup records has been discussed at length by physicians and in the journals. Yet with extensive review of many of these MD entering electronic medical examination phonograph recording programs (PDE-EMRs), we at New to(p) United Mexican States Orthopaedic Associates (NMOA) were not sure that the engineering was ready for the masses of physicians, many who were not willing to spend countless hours in training. And, taking 15-20 minutes of medico-computing device time to create a single medical exam note, as the standard big name products did, was an obstacle that we could not endure. One day in 1995, a local known as us and said that he was involved with ingress electronic health check disk (PDE-EMR) engineering science and wondered if we had the time to return a look at his plan, named the HUB Computing machine Checkup System. It was oriented approximately a health care manufacture modelling the Foresighted Pattern Guideline Modelling (FPG).
The local , Dr. Thomas Naegele, is a Family Praxis workings emergency rooms in Unexampled and Arizona hospitals. References remarked on his excellent aesculapian skills in the ER, so we decided to go ahead and meet with him. Naegele that we rich person two non-negotiable requirements for a PDE-EMR organization: (1) it must be ultimately flexible and adaptable to any of out clinical settings and, (2) capture by the cannot slow the process down. During his demonstration of the HUB Computing device Medical checkup System, we learned that Dr. Naegele is also a college-trained data processor systems analyst. We were amazed that this platform following the FPG modeling, though really simpleton, appeared to handle wholly situations within clinical and the business of . It looked like his system of rules would meet our requirements. Continued from page 1. At present tense, there is alone(p) 1 foresighted simulation and merely I object oriented applied science theoretical account. They the same product- HUB.
The additional forms of hospital order sheets, prescriptions, test request forms, transfer forms, patient education forms, discharge instruction sheets, surgery scheduling forms, revisit sheets, employment slips, medication logs, inventory logs, and many more, altogether freebies. They just get printed at no extra oeuvre for the nurse or the . At nowadays there databases for Family Exercise, Emergency Practice of medicine, Urgent Care Music, Internal Medication and Orthopedical Medicament. There is a nursing database for Urgent Care Medicinal drug. Emergency Medical specialty is in usage and near completion of its second edition.
Under development Psychiatry, Ears, Nose, Throat Surgery, General Surgery, and Occupational Medicate. HUB Data processor Medical examination Systems is located in Albuquerque, NM. This is new and pioneering , so many people trying different approaches with a mixture of products and methods. The most popular computerized electronic disc is the transcriptionist-typed, dictated report. In some of these cases, physicians wealthy person access to these notes for either viewing or manipulation. What Type of Person Can Solve the Physician-Electronic computer Interface.
There is no clear-cut solution for PDE-EMR at represent. But after with the HUB arrangement and Dr. Naegele for the last 3 days, this may be what the diligence necessarily. Through many hours of with Dr. Naegele and his formal education in calculator systems analysis, his industriousness study is real impressive and seems to be the correct way to find the answer to this unsolved problem.
Naegele has been on PDE-EMR since 1983; he has been using computers since 1970. When he entered school in the summer of 1979, he already knew fourteen figurer languages and nine different estimator operating systems. Naegele clearly has superior skills in systems analysis and has the ability to realize big and complicated systems, along with the ability to takings paper/by hand systems and develop them into systems. The FPG Modeling is well thought-out, but it can yield old age to fully realise that it puts the complete power of the into the hands of the at the point of care.
Lean Manufacturing in Steel Companies
Steel companies have caught up with the fever and are trying to implement lean manufacturing in their operations. Lean manufacturing of steel is a production process that seeks to eliminate waste in all steel production phases with the end purpose of satisfying the customer.
Results of a successful implementation of lean manufacturing of steel are monumental: huge reductions in production cost and inventory and cycle times, large gains in quality, and evident improvements in delivery reliability.
Traditional approaches to implement basic lean manufacturing in companies involve :
(a) a top-down rolling out of concepts
(b) installing and following goal-curves across management levels, meaning departmental goals must be in sync with each other and people are held accountable to meeting their targets
(c) doing the easy tasks first and gaining momentum from small successful results
(d) interactive education and creating at atmosphere that welcomes taking risks and
(e) initiating a pilot project before wide scale implementation.
Although very worthwhile, lean manufacturing is a very complicated process by itself. Lean manufacturing of steel even creates unique problems.
Steel parts that carry loads like automotive trains, jet engines, industrial bearings and metal-forming machinery are produced in a time-consuming multi-step process that involves a lot of grinding and polishing.
Steel parts are first molded out of metal that is relatively soft and then hardened by being subjected to high heat and quickly cooled in a liquid, or “quenched.” After this, steel parts still require precision finishing processes to produce ultra-smooth surfaces that reduce friction and wear
In steel production, equipments are often physically huge that rearrangement of these to reduce unnecessary human and machine movements may be unrealistic. Some processes in manufacturing of steel must be performed in large batches.
Because of the size of the products made, cycle time is often longer than in other manufacturing businesses. Metallurgical constraints limit the aggressive acceleration of heat-up and cool-down cycles.
Difficult equipment set-up increase production time, effort, yield loss and equipment deterioration. Protective inventories are necessary to avoid costly “out of metal” conditions during bottleneck operations and cannot be avoided.Traditional “kanban” or “signal controls are not suitable because some mills have a variety of routings and passes on the same equipment.
Also, unions and uncooperative labor relations make empowerment of employees and team building difficult to establish.
Despite these drawbacks, there have been success stories of lean manufacturing of steel.
In order to slash manufacturing costs by up to 30 percent and as to add billion to the U.S. economy every year, Edison Materials Technology Center developed and refine, from 2000 to 2005, an innovative technique for making a wide array of hardened steel parts through lean manufacturing of steel.
“Hard turning”, a method to forge hot metal into nearly perfect parts and hardening and machining these after, was discovered to eliminate waste and possibly the need for polluting oils which are used in cutting and grinding. If hard turning will be applied to manufacture gears and turbine blades, this would meet EMTC’s goals.
EMTC has developed hard-turning technologies and a complete prototype system. Other members of the team are Delphi Automotive Systems, Torrington Co., Kennametal, Third Wave, Hardinge, Inc., Masco Tech, Georgia Institute of Technology, and Ohio State University.
Applying lean manufacturing of steel, Cairns Steel Fabricators also doubled its capacity and improved productivity. Established in 1979, CSF is a company focusing on steel fabrication and erection which employs around 60 personnel and handles 150 tonnes of steel per week.
QMI solutions offered a holistic approach to lean manufacturing of steel through its ProEdge Manufacturing Excellence program.
To ensure lean manufacturing of steel, CSF decided to address its internal processes first before expanding. CSF altered factory layout, house keeping and machinery setup. Efficient use of space and equipment resulted to increased productivity.
CSF positioned individual work areas in specific spots and color-coded tools to ensure they are returned to their proper places. In CSF’s case, it was important to look at the “little everyday things” in order to make the system leaner.
Business Franchising – Just What Should You Look For In A Franchise?
What is a Franchise?
· An authorization to sell a company’s goods or services in a particular place
· A business established or operated under an authorization to sell or distribute a company’s goods or services in a particular area.
How did franchising start?
One of the earliest franchisors was the Singer Sewing Machine® Company, which set up dealers shortly after the Civil War to sell and repair its revolutionary machines throughout the country. Shortly after the turn of the century, Coca-Cola® licensed others to manufacture and distribute its wonderful elixir. Ford Motor Company® later set up dealers to sell and service its products. Of course, McDonald’s® is an example of how an entrepreneur (Ray Kroc) could take an idea and quickly spread it coast to coast (and eventually around the world) without starting out with millions of dollars in capital. Many companies turn to franchising as a system for expansion because they recognize that they can grow rapidly with a minimum amount of capital and enlist top-notch partners if the company is willing to share the profits. The company that sells licenses to its system is called the franchisor, while those who open their own units are called franchisees.
There are many reasons why franchising is the best type of operation for the majority of first-time business owners. Most revolve around the increased probability that the business will succeed and provide profits to the owner in a shorter time frame than an independent business. This allows the owner to address her or his personal goals both financially and personally. Here are a few, more detailed, answers to that question.
Earn what you’re worth
Thousands of franchise owners report they were handicapped in their corporate careers by company policies and supervisors that put a cap on their earnings. When you own your own company, your efforts are rewarded and your personal income shows it!
Satisfaction of Achievement
Many business owners report that seeing their actions turned into reality without stagnating for months in committee meetings (as often happens in big companies) is a major reward of owning their business.
Quicker Start-Up than Independents
A proven plan out-paces an independent’s hit & misses operation almost every time. Looking at just independents that succeed–you’ll find that franchises grow quicker, reach break-even sooner and succeed more regularly than others in the same industry as depicted in the accompanying chart
What do I need to know?
Another question that arises is “What do I need to know in building my own franchise?” There are four main ingredients found in each business…
· The product or service that is delivered to its customers.
· The location that the business occupies.
· The amount of capital that was invested or borrowed by the venture.
· The management team that runs the company -You!
Making a choice
Choosing the right franchise can be a confusing process.
First, you must believe in the product or service that the franchise network delivers. Is the niche stable, expanding, long-term, saturated?
Next, you must verify the industry’s future. What do the trade papers predict?
Check your aptitude for the job. If you don’t enjoy math, an accounting franchise isn’t for you, etc. Often outside sources can help here. A personality and aptitude test (similar to those used by major corporations) will help you discover your hidden talents.
Determine the earnings capability. Most franchisors can’t provide earnings projections, but you must make an effort to determine your future return.
Confirm the potential earnings and the franchisor’s integrity with existing franchisees. Each franchisor will give you a list of its network members.
You should call them to get their confirmation of your projections. If a franchisor (or business opportunity seller) will not give you a list of its franchisees, you should heed the red flashing lights and end discussions.
While this article is just the tip of the iceberg, you can get a good idea why you should start your own franchise, today.
Exploring the Country on a Snowmobile
There is plenty of territory out there that you can explore on a snowmobile. In the winter time the open areas become covered in snow, but with this type of equipment you can get where you want to go in no time. Many people enjoy riding on a snowmobile just to have a good time. Others use them as a way of life due to the location where they live and the severity of the weather.
It is a favorite past time though to engage in snowmobile races because they can go quite fast along the snow. The bottom of the machine is equipped with special skis that allow it to glide over the top of the snow instead of getting bogged down in it. They also use a very small amount of fuel so you can go quite a distance on them.
Most snowmobiles are very easy to handle and you can ride with either one or two people on them. Even young children are able to operate snowmobiles with parental supervision. In addition to racing snowmobiles they are often used for exploring and for climbing mountains. It is not uncommon for people to load up their cross country skis and then drive to the top of the mountains on their snowmobiles. This is often done in pairs so that they can ride one snowmobile to the top, ski down, and have another to take them back to the top again.
The newer models of snowmobiles are able to operate at a rate of 100 miles per hour or more. This means they can be involved in very exciting races that take place along a straight away or over a particular course that is being used for the event. You do have to be very careful with a snowmobile though as you don’t want to be involved in an accident. Having the right equipment on will help you avoid injuries if you can’t avoid the accident all together.
Some snowmobile races are in place among those that live in the area and want to entertain themselves. Others are sponsored by big name companies that manufacture snowmobiles. They offer cross country races as well as those that take place on oval tracks and the competitors have to complete a set number of laps. You can win trophies, cash, and prizes if you win the various snowmobile events that are offered.
The big names in snowmobiles are Polaris and Arctic Cat. Both of them continue to come up with advanced models of snowmobiles in order to get the consumers to buy from them. In very cold areas including Alaska and Canada there are tourist locations where you can rent snowmobiles for the day to explore. This is a great option if you are thinking about purchasing one but you haven’t made up your mind yet.
It is important to wear the proper clothing and safety equipment while operating or riding on a snowmobile. Too many people suffer from either frostbite or hypothermia because they aren’t dressed for the cold weather when they ride a snowmobile. You need to dress in layers to maintain your body heat. The outer layer should be a waterproof snowsuit. Make sure you have on a hat and gloves to prevent heat from leaving your body from your head and from your fingers getting frostbite.
Make sure you wear waterproof boots that will offer you good traction for when you get off the snowmobile to walk around or to add more fuel to the tank. You should always wear a helmet when you ride a snowmobile because you never know when something will be in the way. Sometimes there are things under the snow that you can’t see so an accident is unavoidable. Serious injuries and death can occur if you hit your head, and it can be a long time before help can arrive if you are exploring the wilderness on a snowmobile.
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What are the Essentials of High Quality Loose LeafTea?
Demand for high quality loose leaf tea is experiencing strong growth and for those interested in high quality loose tea, more information will aid in decision making. Critical elements in the process include:
Source of the Tea
Purchasing, Quality Control and Customer Service
Source of the Tea
All tea comes from the plant Camellia sinensis but there is where the similarity between high quality loose leaf tea and other, lesser quality ends. From the time the tea leaves are plucked until the time the consumer tastes the brew, a number of critical events affect the tea experience.
High quality loose leaf teas are carefully selected as only the finest of these rare orthodox teas, which are processed slowly and hand-crafted with extreme care.
Tea, like wine, is harvested and processed into the final product on the grounds of the garden or estate. The taste and quality of any tea varietal depends upon the specific growing conditions. Factors such as altitude, climate, soil, weather, and plucking season all affect the final product.
To produce just one pound of quality loose leaf tea, it takes approximately 3,000 hand plucked leaves. Only the most tender leaves and young buds are selected. After the leaves are picked, the precise art of tea making begins.
Tea is manufactured by two different processes.
Most ordinary tea is machine processed by the C.T.C. method (crush, tear, curl). The resulting small, broken pieces are used in tea bags or iced tea concentrates. Less than 2% of the world’s tea is of superior quality, hand-processed in the classic, time-honored method known as orthodox manufacture.
High quality suppliers are dedicated to offering outstanding, whole-leaf teas of the greatest quality and finesse. Whole-leaf varietals retain the subtle nuances of flavor so prized by discriminating palates throughout the centuries. The highest quality loose teas are hand-plucked and meticulously crafted to enhance leaf character, aroma, color, clarity, body, complexity, and above all, flavor. Connoisseurs will find no soggy paper tea bags and no trendy herbals from high quality loose tea suppliers; only real tea from the Camellia Sinensis bush. And, of course, only the finest.
Purchasing, Quality Control and Customer Service
Access to high quality loose leaf tea is the final element. Most loose leaf teas are not available in retail outlets. Nevertheless, quality tea is easily available through e-commerce outlets on the internet.
Increasingly e-commerce over the internet has proven to be an efficient and easy way to purchase quality products and those e-commerce sites that are customer friendly also offer convenient and low cost home delivery. Loose leaf tea is ideally suited to e-commerce because it is light and easy to transport.
When evaluating e-commerce sites, the consumer should consider those sites that are interactive, easy to use and offer rich features such as auto shipping, multiple destination shipments, gift shipments and delivery flexibility.
The loose leaf tea experience is all about quality and quality does not end with manufacturing. Those suppliers that are truly dedicated to quality will maintain quality control over each shipment received from the producing tea garden.
Since almost all quality loose leaf tea comes from other countries such as China, India, Sri Lanka, Taiwan and others, choose a supplier who cups or tastes each shipment before acceptance. This measure of quality control will guarantee consistent quality but most loose leaf tea suppliers skip this important step. Check with a potential supplier to determine their cupping commitment.
In addition to quality control, customer service is a critical element in the loose tea relationship. Since the purchase of high quality loose tea tends to be a long term relationship, consideration of the needs of the customer and customer satisfaction is paramount.
The best suppliers have a culture of customer service, open lines of communication to customer service personnel and solicit feedback from customers as a way to maintain consistent quality.
The Advent And Rise Of High Definition Telvision
A media for viewing moving images along with real sounds had been a distant and ambitious dream for everyone until 1926. during that year, a kind of media was invented.
1926 was the year television was invented. People and fanatics have long been arguing that the television is so far the greatest and most important invention made by mankind.
It can be proven true. Everything was magneted and driven toward television. The economy, and all industries have centered around television. Television is the modern a nd widely used source of news, entertainment and information.
No wonder television is catching all the attention, unlike its media peers, the radio and the newspapers. The challenge of the Internet is posing threat, but television still is up to its sleeve.
The dominance of television as a source of information and entertainment, is expected to lost some long time further. Thus, revenues pouring from ads and sponsorships are likely to be enjoyed by broadcast companies for several more years to come.
That could probably be the reason why technology firms are still focused on developing television sets that are outpacing and making older models obsolete and inferior.
High definition television
High definition television was almost also an impossible dream fro the benevolent TV addict until 1998, when the first high definition television was introduced and launched to the market.
The introduction of high definition television has somehow contributed to the modern day influx of television sets and models. High definition television sets have made the earlier models, especially the widely used and affordable analog television sets, inferior and of low standards.
Indeed, high definition television has set standards of its own in the television manufacturing industry. The first developers of high television sets were envied by competitors, that is why other TV makers have come out with their own versions of high definition television sets.
There are a number of incredible features exhibited by high definition television sets. For one, and as a start, the resolution is crystal clear. High definition television sets are made of the finest LCDs or monitors, with the best audio qualities possibly can be integrated in a modern day machine.
Analog TVs can be crystal clear and contenting, but seeing the exceptional quality of image and pictures in high definition television sets will make them comparatively lagging behind and in the most straight-forward word, inferior.
The sound quality of high definition television is equally breath taking. It is like hearing the real and actual sound, only much and way long better.
High definition television sets make up for a more pleasurable and breath taking television viewing experience. There is no arguing to that.
Because the technology used in the development and manufacture of high definition television sets is different from the wide used technology used in the making of analog TVs, the signal reception is different.
That could make up one downside to the high definition television emergence. Because most TV networks around the world are basically operating using analog signal transmitters, it would take years before all of them are fully converted into digital signal transmissions.
Digital signal transmissions is the key to high definition television sets. These TVs cannot receive and take in the conventional analog TV signals. Because they are digital, high definition television sets can only accommodate digital TV signals.
Switching of broadcast industries to digital will take years to accomplish. In the US, it is assumed that the switch will be fully implemented by February 2007. it will be until 2009 to 2010 in Australia and the rest of the world is soon to follow suit.
Thus the adoption and full-scale blow up of high definition television industry will take several more years to be realized.
How Cellulose Insulation Is Applied
Cellulose insulation is natural insulation material. According to the insulation experts at Grand Rapids roofing, cellulose roofing is “is typically made from recycled paper.” The recycled content is at least 75% or more. The recycled paper is then treated with chemicals to make it fire resistant.
Benefits of Cellulose Insulation
Because the material is made from mostly recycled paper products, it is considered to be less dangerous than other types of insulating materials. Fiberglass and many other insulating materials are considered to be carcinogenic. Cellulose is not a carcinogen.
The chemicals used to make the material fire resistant are all non hazardous materials. The chemicals most commonly used are boric acid, ammonium sulphate and borax. All these chemicals are thought to be safe and are not known to cause health risks. In addition, they are thought to help prohibit the growth of mold or mildew and isn’t a hospitable environment for insects.
Another benefit is in the energy needed to manufacture the material. Less fuel is required in the manufacturing process when compared to other materials. This is good for the environment and saves fuel. This is especially important with today’s high fuel prices. Cellulose was at one time quite a bit more expensive than fibreglass, but the cost is about equal now.
Because the material is largely recycled paper and uses less energy, it is often used in “green homes.” Green homes are new homes that are designed to be environmentally friendly and energy efficient. Cellulose meets the requirements of this type of building. More new homes are currently being built with this type of material than at any other time.
The material is energy efficient and allows less air to pass through it than does fibreglass. This makes it more effective for insulating than other materials. You will see a difference in your home heating bill. It is also more flame retardant than any other insulating material.
This material is better as a sound insulation for reducing the nose level in your home. If you are interested in soundproofing qualities as well as keeping warm, this product is more effective than other materials. The coverage is more uniform and better at muffling sounds from outside the home or the next room, for example, kitchen noises being heard in the bedroom.
4 Types of Cellulose Insulation
There are four ways this type of insulating material is applied:
o Loose fill
o Stabilized cellulose
o Wall cavity spray
o Commercial sprays
In new and existing home insulation, it is most often blown into the wall cavity or the attic. In general, it is blown dry in the attic and damp in the walls. Because it is blown, it is relatively easy to install in existing homes. Small holes are made in the drywall of interior walls for the spray and are patched after installation. For insulating exterior walls, the material is generally applied outside the house by removing small pieces of siding or roofing materials.
How Cellulose Insulation is Applied
The material is mixed with a small amount of water and is then sprayed into the wall. This slight dampness helps the material conform to the space and give a complete seal. This helps seal small cracks and hard to reach spaces in the wall cavity. For this reason, it is very effective for blocking air from escaping through smaller cracks.
Professional installation is recommended for this insulating material. To be most effective, it must be blown properly and evenly. In general, two people are needed for the process, one to fill the machine with dry fibers and to break up larger clumps and another to operate the hose. Masks should be worn to prevent any dust from being breathed in during the installation process.
The Early History Of Derby
Derby is a city situated in the East Midlands and is set in the County of Derbyshire. The population census of Derby in 2001 was numbered at approx 234,000 making it the 18th biggest place to live in England.
Derby is home to the smallest Anglican Cathedral in the country. The Cathedral of All Saints is said to have originally been founded by King Edmund 1 in 943 as a Royal Collegiate Church but there is no evidence to currently back this up.
The Cathedral we see today dates from the Fourteenth Century but appears to be of an earlier medieval period. It is believed to have been modelled on a nearby building which was later pulled down due to structure problems. It received its cathedral status in 1927 by Royal Charter which was unusual because Derby at that time was still a town.
Despite being the smallest Anglican Cathedral it has the 3rd tallest tower, in which there is a family of Peregrine Falcons that return every year. In 2007 webcams were installed and Derby was able to witness the birth of two chicks that hatched on Thursday 10th May.
On the Cathedral green you will find a statue of Bonnie Prince Charlie who, in 1745, made camp in Derby on his way south in his failed attempt to seize the English Crown.
He stayed at Exeter house on Exeter St. The Derby Central Library in the City Centre still show a replica of the room where he held his “ Council of War “ and received false information that an army from Derby was on it’s way to challenge him.
On his journey south he led his army from the front on foot. The statue depicts Bonnie Prince Charlie on horseback as he rode north heading home with his weary and defeated army ahead of him.
To this day the Charles Edward Stuart Society of Derby lead a weekend of activities finishing with a parade through the city and a battle on Cathedral Green at the beginning of each December.
During the period of the industrial revolution, Derby & Derbyshire had its fair share of inventions. It’s most famous were its mills. John Loombe & George Sorocold built the first Water Powered Silk Mill in 1717 after Loombe had allegedly stolen the secrets of silk throwing from Piedmont, now known as Italy.
Jedediah Strutt patented and built the Derby Rib attachment in 1759 which completely revolutionised the manufacture of Hose. Rev Lee famously used this attachment on his framework knitting machine to produce ribbed hose better known today as stockings.
Cromford, Derbyshire is where Richard Arkwright, Jedediah Strutt and Samuel Need built the first water powered cotton spinning mill in 1771. This was to be a form of power that would be the catalyst for the industrial revolution.
Jedediah Strutt continued to build several more cotton spinning mills around Derbyshire. The Belper North Mill built by his son, William, is the only original Strutt Mill still standing today and is now a visitor centre.
Derby is not only famous for its cotton spinning mills as it also has connections with Dr Johnson, the creator of the English Dictionary. The painter Joseph Wright who was famous for his revolutionary use of light in his work. The grandfather of Charles Darwin, Eramus Darwin, lived in Derby even though his practice was in Lichfield, Staffordshire.
Help Your Home Business Prosper With These Tips
Have you decided to start your own home business? It is a great way to take control of your life and start doing work that you find enjoyable and satisfying. It is still a genuine business, though. You can keep your home business stress-free, by preparing yourself to run it right.
Choose a business name that has meaning for you. Having an interesting name can make customers curious about your business, which means they may even ask you what it is and how you got the name. Make sure it has an interesting story behind it and you may soon find yourself with loyal customers.
Running a home business can mean long hours, but ensure that you’re not working every waking moment! Take personal time for your family and friends so that you can decompress and relax. If you are running 24 hours, seven days a week, you’ll find that you burn out and break down, just like a car. Work only during normal business hours unless you absolutely have to do some overtime, then take the rest of the time to chill out!
Put a mailing list on your website. Customers who are truly interested in your website can sign up to a mailing list to receive new information on you and your business. If you come up with a delightful new product, reward your mailing list by giving them a first look, and perhaps even a discount.
You should always work hard to figure out your budget. Knowing how much you can afford to spend before you start your business will let you know if you need a business partner or a loan, or it can even let you know that you may need to reconsider your original approach if there’s no way you can afford it all.
Keep careful records of how many miles you put on your vehicle! The IRS allows a substantial credit to offset the miles that were driven for your business but you have to be able to prove those miles were, in fact, business miles. Keep a log book in your vehicle and use it to record the details of your driving.
A great tip for your home business is to consider taking classes at a local college or online to increase your knowledge in general. Having a well balanced educational background will help you more than you think. Often times if you can join together two seemingly unrelated ideas, you can create a unique and successful product or idea.
If you manufacture your products yourself or buy them for cheap for retail, calculate your costs carefully. Establish how much your products cost you. Most business sell their products for twice what they cost, sometimes up to three times if these business are recognized brands. Do not be too greedy or underestimate what your products cost you.
With ideas like the ones shared here, you may be able to make your home business experience much more rewarding. Operating a business from your home is like so many other endeavors: It runs smoother when you prepare yourself ahead of time. Here’s hoping that your home business operates like a well-oiled (and profitable) machine.
History of Candle Making
Who invented the candle?
Candles were invented independently in many countries. The Egyptians and Cretans made candles from beeswax, about 3000 BC. In the fourth century BC there were clay candle holders in Egypt. Qui Shi Huang (259 – 210 BC) was the first Emperor of the Qin Dynasty (221 – 206 BC). His mausoleum was rediscovered in the 1990s 22 miles east of Xi’an in China and contained candles made from whale fat. In early China and Japan tapers were made with wax from insects and seeds, wrapped in paper. Wax from boiling cinnamon was used for temple candles in India. There is a fish called the “smelt” or candlefish, found from Oregon to Alaska. During the first century AD native Americans used oil from this fish. They put it on a forked stick then lit it. Excavations at Pompeii discovered several candelabra. The Latin word “candere” means to flicker. Yak butter was used for candles in Tibet. In Europe the earliest surviving candle was discovered near Avignon in France, from the first century AD. In 848 King Alfred used a candle-clock which burned for 4 hours. There were lines around the side to show the passing of each hour. Later, there were 24-hour candles. The Sung dynasty in China (960 – 1279) also used candle-clocks. By the 18th century, the Chinese put weights into the sides. As the candle melted, the weights fell off and made a noise as they fell into a bowl. A form of candle-clock was used in coal-mining until the twentieth century. The novel “Anthem” by Ayn Rand contains a scene in chapter VII, where there is a painting showing “the twenty men who invented the candle”. This can only be fanciful.
The Middle Ages
During the middle ages, the popularity of candles is shown by their use in Candlemas and on Saint Lucy festivities. Tallow, fat from cows or sheep, became the standard material used in candles in Europe. The Tallow Chandlers Company of London was formed in about 1300 in London, and in 1456 was granted a coat of arms. By 1415 tallow candles were used in street lighting. The trade of the chandler is also recorded by the more picturesque name of “smeremongere”, since they oversaw the manufacture of sauces, vinegar, soap and cheese. The unpleasant smell of tallow candles is due to the glycerine in it. For churches and royal events, candles from beeswax were used, as the smell was usually less unpleasant. Dating from about 1330, the Wax Chandlers Company acquired its charter in 1484. The first candle mould comes from 15th century Paris. The smell of the manufacturing process was so unpleasant that it was banned by ordnance in several cities. The first American colonists discovered that bayberries could be used to make candles, but the yield was very poor. 15 lbs of boiled bayberries would provide only 1 lb of wax.
new types of oil
Spermaceti is oil that comes from the sperm whale. From about 1750 it was used to provide very expensive candles. By 1800 a much cheaper alternative was discovered. Brassica campestris is derived from rape seed. It yields colza oil. This was the best candle yet, producing clear smokeless flames. The French chemists Michel-Eugene Chevreul (1786 – 1899) and Joseph-Louis Gay-Lussac (1788 – 1850) patented stearin, in 1811. Like tallow, this was derived from animals, but had no glycerine content. Joseph Sampson had the second patent ever granted in the United States. It was for a new method of candle-making in 1790. In 1806 William Colgate (1783 – 1857) (later famous for his “Soap and Perfumery Works”) established a tallow factory in New York. By 1847 he had switched to making soap. There seems to be an ethical component of many nineteenth-century soap and candle manufacturers, as Colgate became involved with Bible Societies. James Wilson of Price’s Candles were also concerned about promoting Christianity, and abolishing slavery. Following the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo, there were celebration dances across Europe. It is sometimes said that more candles were burned in 1815 than in any year before or since. In 1834 Joseph Morgan began to industrialise the production of candles. He invented a machine to manufacture 1,500 per hour, from a mould.
Paraffin and palm oil
Paraffin is a waxy hydrocarbon, without any smell. A chemist called Laurent distilled it from schist in 1830, and another chemist Dumas, obtained it from coal-tar in 1835. Not until 1850 did it become commercially viable, when James Young filed a patent to produce it from coal. This was a major blow to the candle industry. From this point, candles became more of a decorative item. In 1829 William Wilson of Price’s Candles invested in 1,000 acres of coconut plantation in Sri Lanka. His aim was to make candles from coconut oil. Later he tried palm oil from palm trees, but an accidental discovery swept all this aside. His brother George Wilson distilled the first petroleum oil in Burma in 1854. By 1922 Lever Brothers had bought Prices Candles and in 1922 a joint-owned company called “Candles Ltd” was created. The three owners are today better known as Shell Oil Company, BP and Burmah Oil. By 1991, the last remaining owner of “Candles Ltd” was Shell, who sold off the candle-making part of business.
The oldest candle manufacturers still in existence are Rathbornes Candles, founded in Dublin in 1488.
Absorbent And Comfortable Incontinence Products Reviewed
There are different kinds of incontinence products that can be found on the market. There are those that are re-usable and washable, while some are disposable. The products can be bed pads, incontinence chair pads, bedding items, and bedding protectors. There are also waterproof support pillows, waterproof pillowcases, duvets and mattress protectors.
These incontinence products are offered in different price ranges and made from various absorbent materials and give various benefits to the end customers. Pads are made to high standards in different sizes to fit beds and chairs. Every pad is separately measured, sewn, cut and packed for your convenience. You can find made to order products that are available for those clients who have specific needs. Some are made with anti-bacterial fibers and materials to manage and control any odor-causing bacteria that may persist.
This hygienic performance can further protect and secure the users. This greater protection will give customers the satisfaction they need. On the other hand, there are those which may not contain anti-bacterial properties but offer better comfort and softness. These incontinence pads offer dryness and soothing relief all night. One may be able to experience the most satisfying sleep without inconvenience of frequent and tiring pad changes in the middle of your sleep. Some companies who manufacture these incontinence products make bed pads specifically for your bed’s size or your bed’s dimension. However, they make bed pads that will fit all the standard bed sizes from single to king size beds.
To maintain their quality, they recommend using commercial drying and washing facilities especially for those products in extremely large sizes. They also come in various styles. Some pads are embedded with integral fluid proof backing that is fully washable and that is flame retardant. Moreover, some products may have non-slip features to prevent common displacements that occur frequently. Moreover, there are pads with fluid proof backing and wings, offering the extra advantage of additional security. In addition, the pad has an essential non-slip fluid proof backing and is also secured in the chosen position by tucking the wings beneath the mattress.
As a result, this minimizes any potential displacement due to restlessness. Some bed products and other bedding protectors have been intended to give water and other fluid safeguards to mattresses, pillows, and blankets. Furthermore, the products are produced from a stylish fluid proof and breathable vapor porous fabric, which helps in minimizing sweating and distress due to overheating. These waterproof mattress protectors are designed to protect mattresses from fluids but without sacrificing beneficial airflow that is essential to a good night’s sleep.
These waterproof mattress protectors are generally called incontinence drawsheets or waterproof drawsheets. Some of these protectors have anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties that can add to improved overall hygiene and a decrease in unwanted odors. Lastly, the fabric used in these products is light and comfy to the end users and it is well-built, tear resistant and very durable. The products are trouble-free through a simple “wipe and dry” cleaning or can be machine-washed.
A paten refers to a set of rights that are given to an inventor by a state for a fixed duration. The fixed period is generally 20 years and these exclusive rights can be licenced, sold, mortgaged, given away, transferred or simply abandoned In exchange the inventor should disclose or share his or her invention with the public.
Invention can be a useful process, article of manufacture, composition of matter or machine. This procedure for awarding patents varies between countries. It all depends on international agreements and their national laws.
Your patent application should define your invention which should be useful, new inventive or industrially applicable. Certain subject areas such as mental acts and business methods are left out from patents. In most countries the exclusive right that is granted to an inventor is to prevent others from selling, using, making or importing that invention.
If you violate these you may land up in jail. For example an inventor’ theory is published in some book. No other publication is allowed to publish this theory without the publisher’s consent. If the theory is found in some other publication then the publisher can sue the owner of that publication. Even though patent laws have become strict, there are many who violate these laws. The best example of violation of international patent laws is the thriving market of pirated CDs of various movies. Steps are being taken to stop this illegal activity.
A patent application that is filed under PCT (Patent cooperation treaty) is often referred to as patent application. This treaty provides you a unified procedure to file a patent application.
Examples of some patents for invention are software patents, chemical patents, business method patents and biological patents.
A patent does not mean you have the right to use or practice the invention. Patents can be enforced using civil law suits. Any one who applies for a patent at international level is required to prove that their invention is new.
International patents are exclusive rights that are not only applicable to a particular country but to many countries. Fortunately there are many international treaties that help to apply for patent protection.
If you want to search any international patent application, you can always the help of the internet. There are some websites that contain international patent application.
If you have invented something new and are in applying for an international patent then you must do the following:
You should first decide which geographical territories i.e. countries you want to cover.
You should pick up those areas of the globe where you think that you that your invention would be easily marketable. Identify the fee requirements of those countries where you interested to apply for a patent. Many countries have their own procedures to obtain international patent; familiarize yourself with all these procedures.
Fulfill all requirements that are necessary to obtain an international patent. There are some online libraries that provide rules about various countries in order to obtain an international patent. If necessary consult a lawyer who is an expert in international patent law.
Product Launching – The Tale Of Two Products
One of the key questions you will need to ask when it comes to product launching is an important one in relation to how you market the product. The question is this – what is the sales potential of the item you will be selling?
In our tale of two products we look first at a hand crafted wooden box. This box has hand carved accents on the top and comes with a velvet-lined interior. These boxes are also the work of one recognized wood artisan. Several movie stars and even a few well-known politicians have commissioned special editions of these wooden boxes. When these special editions are ordered it typically takes 4-6 weeks to complete and orders must be insured when shipped.
The second product is also a wooden box. It is machine tooled. It has a felt lining that is placed on an assembly line. Thousands of these boxes can be assembled each day and orders are often shipped out overnight. These boxes can be customized for corporate giving and artwork can be laser engraved with names and company logos. The box is designed to hold other specialty gift items from the company catalogue.
It doesn’t take long to see that the primary difference between these two similar products might be the difference between a Rolex and a Timex. The first product is a product of luxury, an item designed to be an heirloom and one that will not be found in most homes.
The second product will likely be a tasteful gift presented at company Christmas parties and as a cherished gift among friends and family. It is both a deluxe carrying case for other products and a keepsake for other bits of memorabilia.
This tale of two products looks at the law of supply and demand. In the first case the supply is limited and the demand is generally slightly higher than available stock. What this means is that the consumer places a higher premium on the product and is more than willing to compensate the artisan for their one of a kind work. In the end fewer units will be sold, but the price per unit will be significantly higher than other wooden box manufacturers.
The second scenario will typically find a ready supply of the assembly line boxes with quick turn around on customized boxes. While this will not be an inexpensive gift it will be an affordable gift. The business owner will accept a lower profit margin simply because they believe they can sell enough units to improve their overall bottom line profits.
Which company will succeed? Perhaps both.
The move toward product launching will likely have you seeking to identify if this is a highly specialized product or something that has mass appeal and is easy to manufacture. Once that is determined it is possible to develop a marketing strategy that is in concert with your actual business needs. This is an important step when moving toward the launching of any new product in your online store.
A Classic Toy, By Accident
With the popularity of Internet shopping, classic toys that were hard to find, have now started to find a whole new audience. These classics, which sold very well after they were introduced, never seem to go out of style and can still bring a smile to any child’s face.
Let’s step into the past and take a look into the history of one of these classic toys.
In 1943, a Naval engineer accidentally knocked some springs off of a shelf while he was working on a meter designed to monitor horsepower on battleships. He marveled at the way they “walked” instead of falling and the odd movement of these springs gave Richard James an idea and an instant toy was born. That toy: The Slinky.
Richard James then spent the next two years testing and refining the best steel gauge and coil to utilize for his new toy. His wife, Betty appropriately found the perfect name for this new toy- a Slinky; which is the Swedish word meaning traespiral or sleek.
The couple borrowed five hundred dollars and James designed a machine to coil eighty feet of wire into a two-inch spiral and manufacture their new toy. Sales were slow at first, but soared after the Slinky was demonstrated at Gimbel’s Department Store in Philadelphia for the Christmas season in 1945. The first 400 sold within the ninety-minute demonstration and a new fad had begun.
Around 1960, Richard James suffered what some called a mid-life crisis and left his wife, their six children and joined a Bolivian religious cult. He also deserted the Slinky toy he worked so hard to produce and left the company in debt and ruin. Betty James took over as CEO of James Industries and introduced other toys for the “Slinky line-up” including: Slinky pets, crazy eyes Slinky (glasses with Slinky-extended fake eyeballs), neon Slinky, and also replaced the original black-blue Swedish steel with American steel. Additionally she moved the company headquarters from Philadelphia to Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania and began an aggressive advertising campaign, complete with the now famous Slinky jingle:
“What walks down stairs, alone in pairs, And makes a Slinkity sound?
A spring, a spring, a marvelous thing, Everyone knows it’s Slinky…
It’s Slinky, it’s Slinky, for fun it’s a wonderful toy
It’s Slinky, it’s Slinky, it’s fun for a girl or a boy”
However, the Slinky is not just an entertaining toy for children. It is used in schools in physics classes to demonstrate wave properties, forces, and energy states. The Slinky still continues to sell (250 million have been sold to date) and are still manufactured in Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania using the original equipment designed by Richard James.
3D Printing – What is Selective Laser Sintering?
What do you get when you combine lasers with 3D printing? You get the Selective Laser Sintering or SLS, also one of the 3D printing technologies available. SLS follows the process of Stereolithography with a few alterations. Instead of vat of liquid, a powdered base is used in place and a laser is used in place of the UV light. Due to the involvement of laser technology, SLS is considered as an alternative to expensive tooling processes.
What is SLS exactly?
Selective Laser Sintering was developed by Dr. Carl Deckard at the University of Texas in 1989 and was patented that same year. SLS is an additive manufacturing process that uses a high powered laser to fuse materials like metal, ceramic, plastic, or glass powder into a mass in order to represent the desired 3D object. The cross-sections are scanned before the laser selectively fuses them. These cross-sections are generated and rendered from the 3D digital description of the model or part on the powder bed’s surface. Once the cross-sections are scanned, the powder bed’s layer thickness is lowered by one level, and then another material is piled on top. The process is repeated until the product is completed.
Unlike other additive manufacturing processes, SLS is able to produce parts from different kinds of commercially available powders like polymers, metals, and green sand. Different polymers like glass filled nylon and polysterene are also being used for Selective Laser Sintering, while other metals such as alloy mixtures, composites, steel, and titanium are also good alternatives. The process can involve full or partial melting, or liquid-phase sintering. High density can be achieved, depending on the material, but it ends up being stronger than products developed using conventional manufacturing methods. SLS is also able to create a large number of parts, which makes it very efficient in terms of creating in bulk.
The machine used by SLS is called the SLS system, and the technology is used around the world because of how reliable it is. It is also able to create products even with the most complex geometries being rendered from a digital CAD data. Primarily, the SLS technology was used for Rapid Prototyping Development, but it is now being used to manufacture end-use parts. Unlike its cousins like Stereolithography and FDM, products developed with SLS don’t need any support material because the part is surrounded by unsintered powder throughout the manufacturing process.
To this day, SLS continues to grow in terms of practical and industrial applications. Because the technology is able to make use of different materials, SLS is probably the most flexible printing technology.
Discover The Benefits Of Home Brewing With Hydrogen Cells
Visualize if George Jetson had his own microbrewery; what would it be like? Would the look be lustrous and space-like? How much superior and rapid could it would it operate? How about the formidable S.S. Enterprise? Can you just comprehend Captain Kirk or Captain Picard enjoying a pint of their own galactic beverage? As well as what would provide power to the machine making such incredible home brews? Hydrogen cells are creating waves and news as well as the whole lot in between on a planet where shortages of energy are not about economical folklore.
What exactly is a hydrogen cell? What does home brewing have in common with energy conservation anyway? Hydrogen cells are a class of fuel cell, which is on the whole an energy conservation device. Fuel cells deliver their own energy, almost always wit the service of a specific source of fuel and an oxidant. Hydrogen acts as the primary source of fuel and oxygen acts as the oxidant.
Breweries want engine capacity to manufacture their ales and lagers, and in reality cannot be lacking power at anytime. That is where hydrogen fuel cells play an important role; they keep the energy flowing. And being able to “make” energy at home is pretty darn cool. It also helps you being both energy conscious and pretty cost conscious. You might even grace the covers of some magazines.
What can hydrogen cells be used for? Currently, they can be looked at as especially useful support generators of sorts. Scores of companies, including several respected breweries are looking to fuel cells as a means to be extra self-sufficient as far as energy is concerned. This could be excellent news for the future of making beer as a hobby; home breweries running on hydrogen cells. There would be significant reductions in energy usage.
Can hydrogen cells help home breweries? The hope for persons investigating fuel cells is that every individual will be able to exploit most of the advantages that this invention has to offer. You would be able to provide electricity to so much, from your microbrewery to each electrical device in your home by reducing your energy consumption.
There is a general shortage of information on the likely applications of hydrogen fuel cells. Even as some are using fuel cells, the level of what they have got to offer is still being studied. The Sierra Nevada Brewery is using molten carbonate fuel cells and are projecting a reduction of more than 0,000 a year in energy expenditure.
A Brief History Of Power Tools
Tools powered by electric motor, compressed motor or a gasoline engine find tremendous industrial use. Used in the construction industry, drilling sanding, painting and polishing, power tools are indeed multi-dimensional in their use. The function of metalworking is done by stationary power tools. These are known as machine tools when used in the context of stationary power tools. Machine tools are generally used for metalworking and very rarely used in wood working. Instruments like drill presses and bench grinders are used for both the functions of woodworking and metalworking.
Let us understand the revolution of power tools.
The Egyptians have been contributed with the oldest power tool in a hand-powered form. The revolution of power tools from its hand powered form to the currently available mechanized versions has been quite amazing. The revolution entered its second stage with many factories taking to power tools which were driven by belts from overhead shafts. These power tools were driven by water and sometimes, by steam engines.
What are the features of power tools?
Speed – Power tools are known for their speed in cutting. These tools driven by engines provide cutting-edge efficiency for cutting and lathing purposes. If you are a business owner of a cutting firm, you would need to buy a power tool to understand the difference between hand tools and a power tool which could also be called as a table tool.
Quality of the cuts – Using a power tool for cutting enables the cutting firm to lay their hands on some high quality finishes. A power tool produces cuts of such high quality that one would not be faulted for throwing away all the hand tools. The cuts produced off a power tool is of high quality, with the cuts being more smooth, straight and square in shape. In fact, seeing with naked eyes, one may not believe that the product came out of a power tool.
Who produces these power tools?
Leading equipment manufacturing companies like Dewalt, Bosch, Paslode, Makita, Stanley and Trend are some of the companies who manufacture Power tools. These power tools address a variety of wood and metal cutting functions like sawing, drilling etc. Some examples of the power tools produced by these manufacturers are – Makita Piece Drill Bit and Tool Kit, Dewalt Slide Crosscut Mitre Saw, Makita “Lithium- Ion Hammer drill and many more. One such instrument in the long list of products is the Makita 190 mm Circular Saw. Some of the features of this product are – 1200 Watt Motor, 190 mm Diameter Blade with a 30 mm Bore, 66 mm cutting capacity. Should individuals wish to buy an instrument for their drilling purposes, they can eye the Bosch cordless Hammer Drill with Changeable Chuck. Having features like SDS + Fitting, Rotary Hammer, this equipment provides the best drilling experience for people who use this equipment.
There are many power tool equipments available in the market that anyone who wishes to buy these products can eye on. Please be sure to do enough research on the features and functionalities of the products.
How is Wavefront Technology Used in Lasik Vision Correction?
The wonderful results of Lasik surgery have been improved by research adding new methods, such as Wavefront technology. This technology gives a Lasik physician the ability to see and accurately map even slight variations in the surface of the eye. This gives the physician the ability to more accurately tailor a Lasik operation to the individual, and result in even clearer vision.
The concept behind Wavefront technology was originally developed by astronomers, in order to indicate if a mirror or a lens had slight imperfections in it. It is very important in astronomy to get near perfect optics in order to clearly see the small light sources million of miles away in the universe. In the 1970s a sensor was created to electronically check these surfaces, and a type of this sensor is now used in the Wavefront guided Lasik procedures.
The idea to apply this technique, or to use this sensor, to the field of ophthalmology and later to the specific area of Lasik vision correction, was begun in Germany. The physician Josef Bille began using the sensor in his practice, and this started others to refine the sensor and how it is used and to apply it to Lasik technology. In 1997 the improved sensor, with greater accuracy and speed, was announced to the Lasik laser manufacturers. This allowed the companies that manufacture the Lasik equipment to develop tools using the Wavefront concept for each of their own laser systems.
The FDA approved the first Wavefront guided Lasik vision correction system for general use. Initially, the Wavefront sensor makes a map of the eye’s imperfections, and this map is sent to the laser that is used in the Lasik vision correction portion of the operation. This allows for precise eye alteration in order for Lasik to present the best vision correction possible.
The Wavefront technology used in Lasik can be described easily at an informal level. A small, flat sheet of light (called a wavefront) is passed through the eye, reflected off of the retina, and passed back through the eye and is captured by the Wavefront machine. If the eye were perfect, the light would return as a flat sheet and be captured that way by the Lasik machine. However, any imperfections changes the way that the light returns, and this is detected by the Wavefront part of the Lasik process.
A number of these small, flat sheets of light are sent into each eye from various directions and the results returned generated a three dimensional map of the eye to be used in the Lasik vision correction process. In addition to the commonly known problems of nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism, there are more than 60 other patterns that are known and can possibly be corrected for.
All of this information generated by the Lasik sensor is converted by software into a set of directions to be carried out by the Lasik excimer laser. Ask your doctor about this exciting advance in Lasik vision correction, and see if this procedure is right for you!
Emu Oil For Anti Wrinkle !
What is Emu Oil? Emu oil was discovered by Aborigines many thousands of years ago as a skin moisturizer, antiseptic, and as an aid in the relief of sunburn, muscular aches and joint pain, as well as aiding in the healing of injuries. The emu oil is rendered from a thick layer of fat on the back yielding 5 – 7 liters of unsaturated, non-toxic, highly penetrating oil. Over ten years of research done at Global Canyon Ranch (Texas) has revealed that the emu oil has unique thermodynamic properties. Combined with other ingredients, the oil can be used to machine stainless steel much more rapidly, thus considerable savings in labor results.
The emu oil is the greatest emollient in the world. It penetrates the skin better than mink or any other natural oil, and lacks long chain fatty acids which is conducive to a long shelf-life.
Emu Oil is considered a complete source of essential fatty acids. Essential Fatty Acids (EFA’s) are fats that humans cannot manufacture or synthesize. We must obtain them from our diet. Like vitamins and minerals they are essential to the body’s functions. Incredibly, this amazing oil contains omega 3,6,9 essential fatty acids and is a powerful skin moisturizer and possesses strong anti-inflammatory properties.
Emu Oil for Anti Wrinkle.
Billions of Microscopic Three-Dimensional Nanoprisms! Here’s “so what.” Almost nobody knows this… but… the human eye cannot see a wrinkle. What the eye sees is actually the shadow made by the wrinkle. And, since all those billions of microscopic nanoprisms refract light.
This effect will last until you wash your face and the invisible silicon dioxide is removed. And get this: Remember how I told you the main ingredient in this cosmetic cream is made from emu oil? Well, it turns out emu oil is probably the best cosmetic ingredient in the world. That’s because its molecules are much smaller than the molecules in human skin.
Penetrate Down Through Seven Layers of Human Skin!
Snowmobile History and Basics
The snowmobiling industry has enjoyed a rich history that has made it possible to travel easily through the thick snow that often falls in Canada and the northern regions of the United States. For decades, snowmobiles have continually improved to meet the needs of residents who enjoy living in the colder climates and experiencing the winter months to their full potential. As with any major invention, however, the snowmobile industry was popularized by high-performance models and sports enthusiasts who have found ways to race the machines and compete against other snowmobilers in a variety of events. This industry has come a long way since the early purpose of the snowmobile as being merely a means of traveling through the snow with less difficulty.
The first patent for the snowmobile was issued in 1927 to Carl J. Eliason of Sayner, WI. His idea of a machine that traveled easily through the snow was simply called a “snow machine.” He used parts from a bicycle, a pair of skis, and some parts from an old Model-T Ford to create his first machine. It was a functional contraption, but it had its drawbacks and disadvantages. Eliason’s “snow machine” was more or less a great concept that was not perfected in a way to reach the full potential of the idea.
It was not until 1958 when Joseph-Armand Bombardier of Canada created and patented the machine that we know today as a snowmobile. Not only did Bombardier create and manufacture the first modern-day snowmobile, but he was also the first person to successfully market the machines to people throughout North America. His most popular model – the B7 Snowmobile – began being mass produced for sale in North America before introducing the more popular Ski-Doo model. The Ski-Doo was a more popular model of snowmobile because it was smaller and less expensive. Soon, the Ski-Doo replaced dog teams as a means to quickly travel across the snowy landscape.
By the 1970s, less than 20 years after Bombardier received his patent for the first modern-day snowmobile, there were already 250 snowmobile races that were sanctioned across North America. The United States Snowmobile Association became the forerunner in snowmobile organizations. It began and continues to sponsor one of the more popular snowmobile races – a 650 mile marathon that begins in Winnipeg, Canada and ends in Minneapolis, Minnesota. It was also one of the organizations that helped to get the Snocross snowmobiling event added to the Aspen X Games in 1998, which has created the largest increase in popularity for the snowmobile industry.
One of the reasons that snowmobiles have become so popular in the North American society is because of their ease of use. Inexperienced users can learn how to ride a snowmobile in a very short time and begin experiencing the fun of speeding across the snowy trails. Many of the resorts in the snowy regions of the United States and Canada, including Utah, Michigan, and Alberta, cater to the specific needs of vacationing snowmobilers. Winter vacation resorts commonly keep updated information on snowmobiling trails in the area along with lessons and clubs that snowmobilers of any experience level can take advantage of.
Along with enjoying the fun that snowmobiles can provide is the responsibility of using the machines safely. When snowmobiling along trails or for long distances, it is a good idea to go with another rider and to let others know where you plan on riding to in case of emergency. Always bring extra food along with a first aid kit and the proper safety gear in the event that you get stranded. Before riding, inspect the equipment to make sure all of the parts are properly tightened and in proper working condition. Also, check the dangers of an avalanche occurring before leaving and try to avoid those areas.
The snowmobile industry has made a huge deal of progress in the technology and popularity of the machines. Beginning as merely a means to travel across the snowy lands with less difficulty, the industry has enjoyed a surge of popularity due to the many recent racing events and competitions. Now, snowmobiles are popular among all age groups and they can be thoroughly enjoyed as recreational vehicles when proper safety precautions are followed.
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3D Printing – The Perks of Using 3D Printing Technology in Your Business
If you are into merchandising, product distribution, or seriously considering engaging in this business line, don’t you think it would be extremely convenient and cost-efficient in you were able to manufacture or produce products that you sell? 3D printing technology makes it possible for you to “print” any three dimensional object that you like as long as you have a digital data that will serve as your model blueprint.
Through rapid prototyping, 3D printing allows you to experiment and create prototypes of the merchandise that you want to sell. Using the technology is much convenient compared to subtractive methods or assembly lines that take up more time and effort. Once you have created a prototype of your design, and you would like to add some modifications, you may simply make some changes in your blueprint and print the product again. If you have the resources, you can try producing a model through different printers and using different materials to see which would work best.
Once you are satisfied with your model, you may proceed to rapid manufacturing, which, as the name implies, is a fast approach to manufacture your products. If you are trying to create larger products, you may have to print one part at a time. Even this, however, is still more time-efficient that the traditional factory setting. Smaller models can be printed in a single process and at a minimum amount of time. Every type of printer varies in the size of the object that it can accommodate. Larger printers used in high-end manufacturing enable you to print larger objects but if you are trying to sell jewelleries, phone cases, and other small merchandise, a simple commercial printer would do just fine.
Since you can design your model through modelling softwares, such a CAD, you can freely customize your product to your satisfaction. There are also web-based customization softwares that are easy to master, and websites which offer ready-made designs in STL file format and you may simply take your pick. Certain 3D printers come with multiple nozzles enabling them to print in different colors. If you are trying to create replicas of things, like historical artifacts, you can simply use a 3D scanner.
Many printers now offer multiple print heads allowing you to print multiple objects from the same model at a time. Because the print heads share the same controller, it is more cost and energy efficient compared to buying more than one machine. This allows you to create a mass production of your product, much like in a factory but with less effort and wasted resources. Some machines can accommodate two or more types of materials and colors at a time so your products come out more detailed and attractive.
The possibilities that arrive by subscribing to 3D printing technology are countless. Having to contact your product distributor every time you run out of merchandise it too much of a hassle now that you can create your own products in your own space at your own time. You can even “print” objects upon order so as to not waste resources.
What Is G-Code And How Does It Fit With CNC?
G-Code is the common name for the programming language of CNC Machines. Somewhat of a generic, catch-all type of term for CNC programming language. Very few machines adhere to this standard today. There are as many varations as there are manufacturers.
This is how I think of G-Code. It is a simple language built off of the Cartesian Coordinate System for motion control. I don’t know if that is exactly right but you will get my meaning in a second when we go through some code line by line. You will remember your High School Geometry soon enough. For the real pros out there you know there is much more to G-Code then that, but it is a good place to start.
You will see many variations of the G-Code name like:
Are there other “Codes?”
In a word…Yes. We will get to that in a moment. G-code is also the name of any command in a CNC program that begins with the letter G. G-Codes generally tell the machine to perform an action. G-Codes can tell machine to move a certain distance in the X-Axis for example. Or, make a rapid move to another location. Or, move in an arcing fashion while milling. An on and on and on.
Here are some examples of G-Codes. Remember these change to a certain degree between CAM Software packages and CNC Machine Manufacturers.
·G00 Rapid positioning
·G01 Linear interpolation
·G02 CW circular interpolation
·G03 CCW circular interpolation
·G20 Programming in inches
·G21 Programming in mm
·G28 Return to home position
·G40 Tool radius compensation off
·G41 Tool radius compensation left
·G42 Tool radius compensation right
·G43 Tool offset compensation positive
·G44 Tool offset compensation negative
Why does G-Code Change?
We humans like flexibility. We also like standards. G-Codes are standardized in a certain sense. Once you start to be able to read it, you can read just about any flavor of it. That is the standardized part.
All machines are not created alike though. Even identical machines are different to a certain degree. They may not have the same tools loaded or they have been slightly modified to produce a certain type of part. Interesting how people like to customize.
That is why G-Codes are not the same. You need some flexibility in the programming to accommodate all situations. Couple that with every manufacture thinks their version is the best and you get a myriad of G-Codes out there.
Many manufacturers also try to force you to only use their code. For example, they give you a design interface to make parts and a CAM interface to produce code. They lock you into their “Black Box” so you can’t go elsewhere for service and support. They lock you in their “Family.” Sometimes they make up a whole different kind of G-Code language that no one can understand but them to keep you hand tied up.
Any Computer Can Be A Movie Machine With Dvd Burner Hardware
At this time, DVD Burner hardware holds a place of great popularity in the technology industry. Now standard fare on nearly every kind of computer and laptop, DVD Burner hardware was once considered something of a marvel. Users now have newer functions available to them that expand the enjoyment of their machine that has been made possible by this hardware. This has resulted in greater commercial success of the machine.
In order to copy information from one DVD disc to another, DVD burner hardware is necessary. The manufacture and selling of disks brought this ability into existence and has now developed an interface that is user-friendly. Producing movies and TV shows in mass quantities has been made possible by DVD burning equipment. It is fairly easy to make copies of your DVD’s with the help of the right burning hardware. The quality of copy shows virtually no image loss from the original, depending on the hardware and software used, and a longer life span than VHS copies.
Families now have another venue for staying in touch besides the usual cards and newsletters due to the capabilities provided by DVD burner hardware. The ease of shipment makes home movies easy to enjoy. Adding quality boosting features and cleaning up home movies are also possible with DVD burner hardware that comes with editing functions. Converting home videos from VSH to DVD pretty much requires the special equipment. VCRs are getting harder to come by and harder to fix due to the fact that they are being phased out. But family videos can still be preserved and enjoyed by family and friends because of the ability to easily transfer them to DVD with the right hardware. Because DVD hardware makes recopying and sharing DVDs so easy, the closeness of families is enhanced. Another important advantage is that important videos can avoid being lost forever because they can be copied and stored in multiple secure locations very easily.
DVD burners can be internal or external. In the case of new computers or very recently refurbished computers, the hardware is most likely to be internal, located near the motherboard. To give an older computer the same functions as a newer one, an external DVD writer can be wired to the hard drive. Software and a specific driver for the particular hardware will be needed. Although many computers have driver libraries programmed into them, if necessary, the needed driver can usually be downloaded from the manufacturer’s website for the writer. Usually, the hardware is packaged with the software included. The ability to burn DVDs is the primary but not the only function that DVD writer owners are able to enjoy.
The Dyson Difference: Evolution Of Clean
It has been said, “Everything gets better with age,” and for vacuums, that is especially true. The evolution of vacuum cleaners is an interesting tale of conceptualizations and mechanical realities coupled with good old fashioned trial and error.
The first vacuum prototype was called a “carpet sweeper” and would trap particles of dust in water chambers. Mr. Daniel Hess never got to manufacture his machine but his brilliance has set the tone for many cleaning machines to come. Most of the early machines were very heavy and sometimes required two people to operate them. Additionally, power sources were always a problem until freestanding sources were used in vacuums around 1901 by Hubert Booth. The inventors of the time and the forefathers of companies of today came up with ingenious ways to make these vacuums more convenient, affordable, and useful.
One type of popular vacuum used today is the bagged vacuum. Bag vacuums generally fill from the bottom of the bag with dirt and particulates through bursts of airflow. Air is sucked up into the bag and then pushed out the porous micro holes in the fiber of the bag, thus allowing the air to pass through the bag and trap the particulate inside. However, as the bag fills, less and less air is able to flow which, in turn, inhibits suction. Also, changing the vacuum bag releases the allergens, dander, and particulates back into the air.
Another type of vacuum is a bag-less model. These work to attempt to mimic the technology of a cyclone machine but can have a tendency to get clogged very easily. This, of course, leads to reduced suction and loss of air flow if they are not made properly.
In 1978, James Dyson began trying to build a machine that would utilize the concept of dual cyclones. Over 5,000 tries later, he succeeded in1993. Dyson vacuums never lose suction. In the Dyson Root Cyclone, centrifugal force is used to help filter dust and debris with virtually no obstruction to the flow of air. As the air spirals down the cone shaped cylinder with extreme force, the particulates of dirt are spun out of the air that holds it and falls to the bottom. As the cone gets smaller and smaller, even the tiniest of particles can be spun out, leaving the exiting air very clean. The Dyson vacuums are better than regular cyclones because they have two cyclones instead of one with no danger of clogging. Dyson vacuums also work well on hard surfaces as well as carpets. Vacuum cleaners have come a long way in their history and technology as seen through the state of the art Dyson vacuum.
Cost Effectiveness Of Using Aluminum Extrusions
Fundamentally, aluminum extrusion is the method of mechanically forcing hot aluminum through a precision-made die in order to produce a particular shape or mold in exact and accurate measurements and shapes in high volumes. Aluminum extrusions are absolutely perfect for a wide range of applications and uses ranging from domestic household use to heavy industries including scientific and aerospace requirements.
Aluminum is one of the most versatile elements on the planet and ranks third behind oxygen and silicon as the most plentiful and ranks as one of the most abundant metals on Earth. It is widely used in air-conditioning systems, vehicle and aircraft engines, buildings, space ships and even military vessels. In fact, aluminum extrusion products are an integral part of our daily lives although we may not be aware of their presence in the materials, equipment and machineries around us.
In metal form, aluminum possesses many properties that make its use viable in a broad scale of applications. Aluminum is lightweight, durable, resilient, nonmagnetic and non-hazardous. It is has better electrical conductivity than copper and a lot cheaper and reflects heat and light. Despite its material strength, aluminum is easily workable and retains its tensile strength even under below zero temperatures without becoming brittle. Best of all, used and broken aluminum products can be easily and inexpensively recycled into new products.
It has a very high strength-to-weight ratio (more strength than weight mass) that makes it an ideal material of choice for low-weight parts and components manufactured through aluminum extrusion.
Aluminum products are naturally protected from corrosion by a transparent oxide film that occurs during oxidation, this naturally-occurring corrosion resistance can be improved further by means of an electrochemical process thereby prolonging the lifespan of aluminum extrusion products.
Aluminum extrusion products and alloys have exceptional joining, forming, and machining properties. You can weld, braze solder, glue or fuse aluminum using rivets or bolts. More than that, you do not need special equipments to machine aluminum since standard lathe equipment can be used to form one-off aluminum products at high speeds.
With natural excellent heat conductivity properties, aluminum is an ideal choice for heat-dissipating devices such as the heat sink on high speed CPUs and due to its naturally high reflective property most heat shields are made from extruded aluminum.
The natural properties of aluminum make it the metal of choice for the extrusion process. It is one of the most cost effective methods to manufacture parts and ensure that the size and dimensions remain uniform all throughout regardless of the length of the final product. The extrusion process capitalizes on the built-in advantages in aluminum and increase on their use and applications.
In comparison to machining, extrusion is much more economical as with extrusion, a shape can be indefinitely reproduced with no additional preparation costs aside from the original amount of the setting up and manufacture of the extrusion die.
Metal parts manufactured using sand and permanent-mold casting need to undergo extensive finishing and sanding procedure before it can be used. Aluminum extrusion products on the other hand produce complex structures with very close dimensional control that no extra finishing is required – it can be used once they are cut to size. Aside from the fact that aluminum extrusion dies are cheaper and take a shorter time to manufacture than customary metal dies and casting molds.
Have you ever asked yourself how machines in a factory know exactly when to stop making the parts they’re supposed to make? Well, this is all because of Computer Numerical Control (CNC). But to understand CNC, you have to know what Numerical Control (NC) is.
NC machines were first introduced after the 2nd world war as mass production became the trend. These machines were given a set of instructions in punched cards. However, these machines were hard-wired and their parameters were difficult to change.
These NC machines still required a great deal of human intervention. To illustrate this point, try to take a look at a drill press. A lot of actions have to be taken in order to manufacture a product. The process is actually so complicated that a person has to do something almost every step of the production process. This created an avenue for errors to take place as the likelihood of fatigue increased with the quantity growth.
CNC then came into the picture when computers were introduced. Punched cards were replaced by floppy disks, cables, and other software transfer media. This made it easier to manage and edit data.
Production and manufacturing were revolutionized by the increased automation of CNC machines. These machines allowed a degree of added control over the quality and consistency of the components that were manufactured without any additional strain on the operators. This reduced the frequency of errors and allowed the operators time to perform additional tasks. Furthermore, this automation allowed a greater degree of flexibility in the way components are held in the manufacturing process.
With the advent of Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM), even programming CNC machines is a snap. These programs actually take the bulk of the programming process to make the operation less tedious. However, to be an effective programmer of CNC machines, you have to know what the machine you’re working on will be doing. That is why machinists are often the best people for the job.
The ease that the machines provide is hinged heavily on the quality of the machine. Low-cost CNC machines oftentimes have many functions that have to be manually activated. High-cost machines, however, are almost fully automated. The operator only has to load or unload workpieces. Once the cycle has been initiated, the operator just has to sit back and watch for any malfunctions. The stress on the operator is so low that some even complain of boredom in the middle of a cycle.
The programming language that CNC uses is called a G-Code. These codes actually position the parts and do the work. To be able to have a machine work properly, you have to input the correct variables such as axes, reference points, the machine accessories, and whatnot. Every machine has a different set of variables so you have to be careful to take note of the differences.
Aside from the G-Code, logical commands or parametric programming can be used to make the process more time-efficient. This type of programming language shortens lengthy programs with incremental passes. A loop can also be programmed thereby removing the need for coding repetitions.
Because of these features, parametric programming is more efficient than CAM. It allows users to directly and efficiently make performance adjustments. It also allows extensions to the functionality of the machine it is running on.
And that makes CNC.
Ever think of the perfect thing to sell online but only to find that you cannot find a decent supply?
You check into drop shipping, but the margins are dismal. Plus all the drop shipper’s out there are a shady bunch and you wonder if your order will really get filled. So then you go and try to buy it straight from the manufacture to find out you need to become a distributor or buy in large quantities. Although buying in large quantities may be ok, you not quiet sure the idea is going to do well online.
So, then you move to ordering from a light bulk shipper, and it doesn’t work either. So the next move is to try and import the product. But the problem with that is that you have to order in large quantities again it’s a big-money problem. So what do you do? The most obvious idea, is to create your own solution and the best solution is produce it yourself. Think about this for a minute, if you make your own inventory, then you control your own inventory. You only run out, when you don’t make yourself more. You don’t have to worry about price increases, your in complete control. You will find better ways to control costs and lower your price to manufacture your item. This happens naturally and you should not focus on this part in the beginning. Making your own items tends to give you great quality and you will stand out from the rest of your seller group. This is an outstanding way to think outside the box. Once you establish yourself as an expert other manufacturers will find you.
Another good advantage of manufacturing yourself is you learn how to add features that buyers want and you can time the market better. This is an outstanding feature, you can respond to market changes in real time. So what are some things that you can manufacture?
Wood items, metal items, jewelry, children’s items, personal items, etc.
At first you may not think you can do this. You think you need large machinery and big spaces. But you can start in your garage even with one small machine and go from there. The key is starting with your idea and then developing the details.
So the big question is how do you do it. First off, I look at my hobbies and look at the things that I am interested in. If you are really into a sport or hobby, chances are you will be passionate about marketing it online. Keeping the passion going is important when you are optimizing and marketing your site. Secondly, look at different machines that are out there that you can lease or buy outright. I know of several individuals that own milling machines and market niche items in their spare time. They carefully document their work with pictures and video to add credibility and attention to detail. Avoid the traditional ads you see about manufacturing franchise business that you can purchase and set up yourself. The best bet is to go 100% original and create your own market. The sky is the limit and there are many opportunities to explore. Look for our next article for more detailed information and ideas.
Mobility Scooter Range
One of the key issues when looking for a mobility scooter is the range or distance that you will be able to use scooter before the need to recharge. The range is generally given by the manufacture in miles e.g. up to 10 miles. If you are buying the mobility scooter to make a specific journey e.g. from your home to a local town, you must ensure that the scooter you purchase has an adequate range to complete the journey. We often receive feedback on our blogs and forums from customers who have purchased scooters which were not suitable for there intended regular journey in terms of range and ride quality. This is generally the case when a decision has been made purely on price. For example if you intend to complete long journeys, a small 3 wheel portable scooter may simply not be up to the job in terms of providing a comfortable ride and sufficient range. In this case a larger (and more expensive) 4 wheel, 4mph rated machine may be a better prospect. Ride quality is especially important should you suffer from a medical condition such as back pain or arthritis.
When taking delivery of a new scooter it is essential to test the range of the scooter by building up steadily before submitting the scooter to its full range. This will avoid getting stranded with a mobility scooter with no charge, which can cause major issues as a scooter is very difficult to move once discharged. Take the scooter out on small trips and gain confidence in the scooters range and you own abilities before embarking on a long trip. This process will help you check the scooter is performing correctly after its first charging cycle. This process is especially important if the machine is 2nd hand as the actual range may be well below the manufactures rating as batteries can become less efficient as they get older.
In Depth Discussion In Planning CNC Programs
Understanding the Computer Numerical Control Machine as well as learning the method of programming these machines is not enough to maximize the capability of these devices. Even if you are proficient on those two stated above, proper understanding of the step by step procedures is still important.
In this article we would talk about the step by step procedures of programming Computer Numerical Control Machines which is recommended by the most experienced CNC Machine Operators and progammers.
Step by Step procedures in planning of a CNC program
Whenever we try to program a Computer Numerical Control Machine the first thing that the Machine operator should consider is the blueprint of the part we are trying to manufacture. Proper understanding and reading of a blueprint is a basic and the most important skill in the manufacturing Industry that engineers, managers, CNC machine operators as well as CNC programmers should know about.
Proper understanding of these blueprints should help the CNC machine operator as well as the programmer to use the appropriate CNC machine to be used.
The second step on the proper programming of a Computer Numerical Control Machine is by selecting the appropriate type of Machine that will be used. This is where the proper understanding of each machine type comes into play. Knowing the type of design, specifications as well as features of a machine will help you on choosing the appropriate one.
The third step would be the analysis of the operations or the setup sheet. The setup sheet is used to describe the necessary processes needed to create the parts on a CNC machine. The setup sheet includes the proper machine sequence and also the tools and cutting data to be used. Specifications written on the setup sheet aids the programmer on the proper algorithm needed by the Computer Numerical Control Machine.
The fourth step on the step by step requirements would be the proper selection of the tools required to create the parts. This step is important on the industry manufacturing practices, basically the tools to be chosen is based on the common sense and Good CNC operators and programmers should be aware of them. Usually there is a certain checklist on this step, the most important point of this checklist would be knowing the material to be machined as well as its characteristics.
Fifth step would be the calculation of the cutting data. Proper calculation is one of the important steps in the planning process. This is where the spindle speed, federate value, cutting speed and the depth of cut is calculated to fit to the specifications in the blueprint.
Sixth step would be the actual programming process, this is also the step where the proper Units are inserted into the programming algorithm of the Computer Numerical Control Machine. This is where we incorporate all the codes that are needed to run the whole CNC machines in the CAD software.
In order for other programmers to analyze and append your algorithm, it is important to have certain programming considerations. These program considerations were suggested by experienced Computer Numerical Control Machine Programmers and Operators.
First it is important that you develop a programming technique that will be readily understood by other developers, with a good programming technique programs could easily be appended if there are any errors.
Second, it is also important to proofread all programs for typographical errors before being executed in the CAM software, this is to ensure that the CNC machine would operate its desired operation. And most important of all is to keep your programs as simple as possible in order for the machine to process the instructions faster.
Made in Italy: excellence in the production of automatic vending machine
Indeed, the espresso has made us famous in every corner of the planet, especially where the coffee is made and served very long (just as in America). This is because the beverage expressed itself retains all the taste and the aromas of roasted coffee beans. In these terms, even in the offices, institutions, structures and organizations around the world is growing, year after year, the demand for vending machines for hot drinks of high quality that can serve an authentic and original product which transmits the scent and the warmth that characterizes our kitchen.
But what is meant by automatic vending machine?
The automatic machine is a machine that delivers, with fee, products or services required from the final customer. Unlike a real store, They are often quite, an automatic coffee does not require staff dedicated to the marketing of products that can be used even in the absence of personnel, or when the business is closed. Moreover, this type of product, has had several applications in the social, just think of: schools, industries, hospitals, highway stops, etc..
A little curiosity about it
It is assumed that the first automatic vending machine has been designed and built by Hero Tzebus in Alexandria in Egypt as far back as 219 BC who invented an autonomous system for the distribution of water during ceremonies held in temples. The machine, presented inside a simple but brilliant mechanism at the same time, in fact, the distribution was driven through coins that by their weight pressed on a lever that allowed the opening of a valve from which streamed some quantities of water.
The situation today and the market
Today, as in every domain, the technology has allowed a sector that enables vending machines now to sell and market any type of snacks, food and beverages. Also in recent times have spread rapidly intelligent distributors of newspapers and cigarettes , based on rules and timetables established that distribute their products only to certain groups of users, the case in point is that of cigarette distributors that before 9 PM requiring the inclusion of the tax code to get access to products.
With the advent of globalization, Italian companies specialized in the manufacture of vending machines are beginning to invest in Internet to promote their activities and make known their products all over the world.
In these words, the Web looks like the most immediate and comprehensive solution for attacking new countries and markets, promoting the Made in Italy in the World. Again and again.
Knitting Machines For Socks
Socks in a rainbow of colors adorn every fashion conscious person’s wardrobe. Babies can’t do without a pair or two of cutely knit socks. In fact, pet owners love to pamper their poodles and other pets with chic and decorative knit socks. Sock knitting is meticulously practiced the world over. Such immense love among all has led to the advent of numerous sock knitting machines.
In the 19th century, virtually every nation held a patent for a sock knitting machine. Several nations manufactured circular sock knitting machines which were a rage in those times. Canadian, Dutch, Scottish and English models of these machines were particularly innovative. In the 20th century, a German manufacturer came up with a sock knitting machine that had 42 slot ribber dials and 84 slot cylinders.
Today, the trend of sock knitting machines is widespread. The machine knits socks way faster than what one could knit by hand. Not many brands manufacture these machines today. As a result, antique machines ought to be retailed. These machines have an old world charm that entices all.
Many companies are retailing antique sock knitting machines by restoring their parts. The restoration process of these machines includes sanding and application of primer, removal of dust and grime, replacement of worn metal parts and mechanical overhauling of the entire machine.
The devices that make up a standard sock knitting machine include are ribbers, cylinders, working needles, heel weights, ‘pick up’ tool, bobbins, yarn swift, heel hook and a set up basket. The ribbers and cylinders are arranged in slots. Many of these machines have an attached automatic needle latch opener for ribbers and cylinders. This is to help prevent stitches from coming off.
Ribbers in a sock machine help in creating purl stitches. Many machines have a facility for easy adjustment of ribbers which implies mechanical adjustment of ribbers without the aid of screwdrivers and other tools. They have a heel tension that is efficient and effective. Some machines are designed to easily accommodate needles for knitting thicker yarns. This feature enables the user to knit scarves, hats, hem top socks etc. with both thick and thin yarns.
One can knit a sock on a sock knitting machine in an hours’ time. Those who specifically wish to knit socks on these machines can use a self-patterning sock yarn or a sport weight yarn. Machines with 54, 56 and 60 slot cylinders enable the use of worsted weight yarn. The 72 and 80 slot cylinders facilitate the production of tighter fabrics.
Cylinder machines are probably the best options for knitting socks. The tension of this machine should be loosened while using knitting thicker yarns. One can place his/her sock knitting machine on a circular table or a workbench. One can avail the antique sock knitting machines with several companies. They retail sock machine kits with a user-manual and a warranty card. Many companies also provide machine cleaning services.
The sock knitting machine has won many a heart as it combines the old-world charm with modern sock knitting. A sock knitting session with a sock knitting machine in your backyard will certainly help you revive the charm of the sunny olden days.
Jacob Schiess started the first commercial embroidery manufacturing establishment in 1848 in New York. He came from Switzerland and within a year had his own embroidery plant in operation. All the stitching was done by hand by fifteen woman stitching exquisite designs by hand.
The development of machine embroidery did not take place until the 1800’s. Joshua Heilmann from Mulhouse worked on the design of a hand embroidery machine. Though he did not sell many, it revolutionized the embroidery industry. Heilmann’s invention was quickly followed by the “shuttle embroidery” and the “chain stitch embroidery” methods.
The beginnings of shuttle embroidery dates back to the 1860’s when Isaak Groebli, from St. Gallen, Switzerland, was inspired by the work produced on the sewing machine.
Around the 1870’s there were fourteen companies manufacturing embroidery machines in Switzerland manufacturing hand loom embroidery machines. Today there are four companies manufacturing schiffli embroidery machines.
In 1873, Alphonse Kursheedt imported twelve of the ten new embroidery hand looms from St. Gallen, making him the first American to use a mechanized embroidery process. The looms used multiple needles and were an unbelievable improvement over the age-old process of stitching by hand. They were, however, powered manually.
Immediately afterwards, Isaak Groebli of Switzerland invented the first practical Schiffli Embroidery machine. This machine was based on the principals introduced by the newly invented sewing machine. Groebli’s machine utilized the combination of a continuously threaded needle and shuttle containing a bobbin of thread. The shuttle itself looked similar to the hull of a sailboat. “Schiffli” means “little boat” in the Swiss dialect of the German language, so his machine came to be known as a schiffli machine.
In 1876, Kursheedt began importing a number of schiffli machines to America, thereby making him the real founder of the schiffli embroidery industry in the United States.
Dr. Robert Reiner, founder of Robert Reiner, Inc., of Weehawken, came to the United States in 1903 in his early twenties. Realizing the potential of the embroidery industry, he persuaded the Vogtlandishe Machine Works of Plauen, Germany, to appoint him it’s American agent. This began a mass importation of embroidery machines into northern New Jersey’s Hudson County. The banks arranged long-term credit to purchasers. Dr. Reiner made it possible for hundreds of Austrian, German, and Swiss immigrants in New Jersey to become manufacturers of embroidery.
The industry grew until 1938, when suddenly the two sources for the manufacture of machines in Plauen, Germany, and Arbon, Switzerland, ceased operation because of World War 2. No additional machines were produced until 1953, when Robert Reiner Inc. introduced the first American-made schiffli machine. Gradually in time, improvements were made to the machine in America as well as in Switzerland and Germany.
Today computers are playing a major role in the embroidery process.
Patent It – If You Don’t, Someone Else Will!
Do you have an invention that has been burrowing away in your mind for years? Do you think it could make you real money, but you lack the financial ability to do anything about it at the moment? If you do, you might want to consider applying for a patent.
Whilst it can seem quite expensive to buy a patent for something that is currently only an idea, it can be well worth it in the long run. For every invention, from vacuum cleaners to mobile ringtones, there has always been somebody left kicking themselves because they had thought of it first – but were usurped by a company that is now making millions.
Patents are awarded by the government and give an inventor the right to stop others using, selling or manufacturing their idea without permission. This lasts for a limited amount of time, depending on how much is paid. Patents are often described as granting “intellectual property” – meaning that they can be bought, sold or rented to others.
A patent gives you the right to stop others from making your invention, but it does not give you rights above anyone else to have your invention made. Once you have one, you will need to start thinking about ways to manufacture your idea.
The two main types available in the United States are Design and Utility. Utility patents are awarded for the invention or discovery of any new, useful and developable process, article of manufacture, machine or composition of matter.
If you have a new, original and ornamental design for an article of manufacture, in the United States you may be granted a Design patent.
Additionally, Plant patents are available to anyone who discovers and can asexually reproduce a totally new variety of plant.
The rules for awarding these property rights include the fact that your invention must be “useful”. This means both that it should have a purpose, and that it should be manufactured by normal industrial processes. An invention that cannot be fesibly manufactured could be rejected.
Abstract ideas, including laws of nature and observed or created physical phenomenon, cannot be granted patents. Neither can you be granted property rights over an idea or suggestion – it is the actual invention or machine described by you that it patented, not your idea.
Sometimes you have an idea, but do not know it already exists somewhere. If other people in this country have known about or used your idea before you apply, you will not be eligable to have it patented. There are websites where you can check which ideas have already been granted a patent.
Furthermore, if your invention has appeared in a printed publication in any country in the world, for more than a year before your application, you cannot have property rights over it.
For more information, you may wish to look up the Patent and Trademark office of your government, which will highlight the full rules and procedure. Often, when people are sure they are eligable, they choose to hire a patent attorney or agent to help them with applications. Good luck!